What is a problem skin?
Problem skin affects teenagers especially at puberty, although some people suffer from it all their lives. Pregnant women also often have problem skin, which is characterized by the presence of pimples, comedones or small white dots, dilated pores or shiny skin. In general, it is mostly the face that is affected but sometimes the problem extends to the neck, shoulders, torso, and back.
If you have problem skin, the pores that are on the surface of your skin are clogged. Sebum – an oily secretion that preserves the skin’s suppleness – accumulates in the sebaceous glands, along with impurities and dead cells. You notice it with the appearance of blackheads or small white spots under the skin. Under the action of bacteria that proliferate in clogged pores, comedones will ignite and form pimples. The phenomenon is often linked to an excessive production of sebum; this is why problem skins are also, often, oily skin.
Why is there a problem skin?
Oily and problem skin is the direct consequence of an increase in sebum production, most often related to hormones. Other factors may, however, be involved. Here are the main factors responsible for problem skin:
It is essentially the male hormones (androgens), found in both men and women, that stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum. Female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) rebalance this production, which explains why skin problems affect boys more often than girls. It is not so much the level of hormones that determine the appearance of pimples, but the imbalance between hormonal production as a whole and increased sensitivity of the sebaceous glands. This is why pimples occur mainly during puberty, but also during pregnancy.
The stress hormones (testosterone and cortisol) increase the production of sebum. So it makes sense to have more pimples when going through a stressful time.
- Some skincare and makeup products
A too greasy cream for your skin profile will clog the pores of your skin. It is also possible that the products you use irritate the skin and disrupt the production of sebum, thus causing the appearance of skin problems. Makeup products such as foundation or powders can also clog pores.
- Inadequate or incorrect cleaning of the skin
It is essential to clean your skin, especially if you wear makeup. If the skin is poorly or insufficiently cleansed, the pores become clogged.
- Some medicines
Some antiepileptic, soothing and cortisone creams can cause skin problems or make them worse.
How to take care of a problem skin?
Oily, problem and pimple skin can be very troublesome. Although it rarely causes physical discomfort, it affects self-confidence. If it is of hormonal origin, the problem will, fortunately, be temporary. But you can also help your skin regain its balance by following a few simple rules in terms of skincare and lifestyle. Our 8 tips for problem skin or subject to pimples:
- Favor soft and natural products
To regulate the excessive production of sebum, it is essential to use light products which will avoid too much stimulating, obstructing or supercharging the skin. Choose fragrance-free, gentle and light skincare product exclusively based on natural ingredients.
- Do a daily cleaning ritual
Facial cleansing is the inescapable step of a good care routine. Many tend to neglect this step, but it is essential to perform this cleansing ritual every day, before applying the care of day or night. If you have problem skin, preferably use a mild cleansing milk that you apply with a cotton disc or fingertips. Then rinse with warm water and dry the skin by dabbing it gently (rubbing stimulate the production of sebum). For eyes, preferably use a mild oil for the face.
- Use a soothing lotion
A soothing lotion, which balances the skin metabolism and regulates the production of sebum, can be useful in case of pimples and blackheads. Apply immediately after cleansing the skin, before the day or night care.
- Do not pierce the buttons!
One may be tempted to pierce pimples and blackheads. You risk only one thing: aggravate the inflammation and keep scars.
- Makeup: in moderation!
Camouflaging pimples and blackheads under a thick layer of makeup is absolutely contraindicated. You will only clog the pores further, which will multiply the pimples. In short, the vicious circle … If you can not do without makeup, choose natural products as much as possible.
- Sun must rhyme with caution
You may feel that the buttons disappear when you expose yourself to the sun, but this effect is only temporary. UV rays stimulate the production of sebum and the symptoms will manifest themselves with even greater vigor afterward. So enjoy the sun but in moderation.
- Adopt a healthy and varied diet to nourish your skin from the inside
Who has not heard, at least once in his life, that chocolate gave pimples? This type of claim is nuanced today, but everyone agrees that a healthy and varied diet contributes to the beauty and health of the skin.
If you have a problem skin, it is particularly recommended to focus on foods rich in vitamin A (salmon, carrots, spinach …), zinc (turkey, almonds and wheat germ), vitamin C (citrus fruits, papayas and tomatoes), vitamin E (sweet potatoes, nuts and olive oil), selenium (wheat germ, oily fish and whole rice) and omega 3 (salmon, linseed oil and sunflower seeds). A good diet also requires good hydration (1.5 to 2 liters of water per day). Avoid dairy products and sugars as much as possible.
- Give yourself moments of relaxation and rest
The hormones of stress can be a triggering factor in the appearance of pimples or a disturbed skin profile – many teenagers can see it during exams. Hence the importance of relaxing and resting properly. It is better to temporarily avoid massages and the sauna, which can aggravate the symptoms.